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Job Descriptions


Professors specialize in a particular topic of knowledge and they work in universities and colleges.  If you are a professor, you will have some clearly defined and repetitive tasks (e.g., grading exams, teaching students about a particular subject).


This job usually requires the minimum of a Doctorate of Philosophy (Ph.D.). Some universities and colleges may also require a post-doctorate degree. Many colleges or universities also require that a professor has a successful publishing and grant record as it demonstrates the person’s research abilities.

Previous Experience

Previous experience teaching university or college students is preferred.
Although many employers prefer that you have previous experience teaching, it is strongly encouraged that you apply if you have the required education and skills.

Job Duties

  • Create and prepare the curriculum, materials, activities, and lectures for courses.
  • Choose textbooks for use in the courses that you are teaching.
  • Facilitate the prepared lectures and classroom discussions.
  • Engage students in subject-related activities.
  • Assign homework and readings to students.
  • Evaluate each student’s progress via exams, papers, quizzes, and assignments given.
  • Grade/mark student exams, quizzes, and assignments.
  • Hold regular office hours for students.
  • Supervise teaching and/or research assistants.
  • Conduct research based on your chosen topic of interest by conducting studies/experiments, and writing papers.
  • Apply for grants to aid in the funding of your research.
  • Attend conferences to gain knowledge in your chosen topic area, to network with colleagues, and to present and disseminate your research.
  • Your employer may also ask you to carry out additional duties than those listed here.

What’s Your Scene?

This job requires that you are able to work “In the Scene’. If you are working as a professor, you will be working with students on a regular basis.  You will be speaking with and interacting with students daily and must have relatively strong social skills.  You will also need to interact with co-workers (e.g. other professors, assistants) regularly.

Skills / Abilities

Specialized Knowledge - Knowledge of a specific subject in your area of expertise. Typically this knowledge is developed from post-graduate degrees.

Reading Comprehension - Demonstrated ability to read, and follow written instructions and ideas.

Oral Comprehension - Demonstrated ability to understand and follow verbal instructions and ideas.

Written Expression - You will be required to write and spell correctly.

Oral Expression - You will be required to speak clearly and effectively.

Organization and Prioritization - This job requires the ability to clearly organize and categorize work priorities to complete your work.

Critical Analysis and Complex Problem Solving - This job requires the ability to critically examine complex problems by analyzing information or data. It also requires the ability to develop and evaluate solutions based on a critical analysis of the problem.

Environmental Demands

Location - Colleges and universities are located indoors in a climate-controlled setting.

Noise Level - The noise level will usually be quiet to loud, depending on where you are. If you are teaching a class, you will need to be okay with the sounds students chatting beforehand. If you are working in your office, it will typically be quiet.

Lighting Level - Colleges and universities typically use florescent lighting.

Work Hours - This job will be full-time (and occasionally some professors are part time too), however the times that you work will be dependent on when you teaching courses and when your office hours are. When you are conducting your own research, you will be able to choose when you wish to work.

Amount of Movement - This job typically requires that you stand and sit.

Cleanliness and Odors - This job setting is generally clean. You will also want to make sure you keep your work area and surrounding areas neat and tidy.

Work Attire - Work attire will typically be business casual clothing.

Structure and Predictability - This job will typically have a lower degree of predictability and structure.  This means that while you might do the same tasks each day, these tasks might be completed in a different order each day (e.g., teaching different classes on different days).  You might not always know ahead of time how long each task will take to complete.  You might not work in the same areas or location each day (e.g., different class rooms), however, you will interact with the same people (e.g., students and colleagues) on a regular basis.

What's the Pace?

    • Steady:  In most cases, the work pace will be steady, which means that you will always have some work to do.  When the work pace is steady, you are working at a level “5” on a scale of “1” (nothing to do) to “10” (extremely busy, rushed pace).


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